Credit scoring seems like it should be a straightforward concept. All of the financial information provided to consumers, however, is confusing. You may see multiple scores and various criteria used by banks, credit card companies, and other lenders. What is your real credit score? Read on for an overview of credit scores and what they mean for the general population.
Scoring methods all generally use statistics and analysis to determine consumer credit payments over time. They are all used by lender and financial institutions to facilitate providing credit, loans, and mortgages to individuals. Payment history, overall debt, number of cards, and other information is used in most scoring models.
The History of Credit Scores
Until the 1970s credit scoring systems were not the prescribed way to determine credit viability. Financial institutions used human metrics such as a personal relationship with the client, body language, and initial conversations. The financiers would often share information across the industry when they had mutual clients. Results were often misleading and financial institutions themselves suffered from loss associated with unreliable consumers.
Equifax, now a big 3 credit bureau, paved the way for future credit information collection as the first company operating with the goal of collecting consumer data. TransUnion followed Equifax in the 1960s. Data collection in the 1960s included irrelevant information about personal habits, vices, and opinions. The level of misinformation and distrust by the general population eventually led to the passing of the Fair Credit Reporting Act in 1970, which regulates data collection and circulation of consumer credit information.