Tamil language 2021

Tamil  About this sound pronunciation (help·info)) is a Dravidian language locally spoken by the Tamil individuals of South Asia. Tamil is the authority language of the Indian province of Tamil Nadu, and an authority language of the two sovereign countries, Singapore and Sri Lanka.[8][9] In India, it is likewise the authority language of the Union Territory of Puducherry. Tamil is spoken by critical minorities in the four other South Indian provinces of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is additionally spoken by the Tamil diaspora found in numerous nations, including Malaysia, South Africa, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Australia and Mauritius. Tamil is additionally locally spoken by Sri Lankan Moors.  tamilnewslive

One of 22 planned dialects in the Constitution of India, Tamil was quick to be delegated an old style language of India and is one of the longest-enduring traditional dialects in the world.[10][11][12] A. K. Ramanujan portrayed it as “the lone language of contemporary India which is conspicuously constant with an old style past.”[13] The assortment and nature of old style Tamil writing has prompted it being depicted as “one of the extraordinary old style customs and written works of the world”.[14]

A recorded Tamil writing has been reported for more than 2000 years.[15] The soonest time of Tamil writing, Sangam writing, is dated from ca. 300 BC – AD 300.[16][17] It has the most seasoned surviving writing among Dravidian languages.[11] The soonest epigraphic records found on rock decrees and ‘legend stones’ date from around the third century BC.[18][19] More than 55% of the epigraphical engravings (around 55,000) found by the Archeological Survey of India are in the Tamil language.[20] Tamil language engravings written in Brahmi script have been found in Sri Lanka and on exchange merchandise Thailand and Egypt.[21][22] The two soonest original copies from India,[23][24] recognized and enrolled by the UNESCO Memory of the World register in 1997 and 2005, were written in Tamil.[25]

In 1578, Portuguese Christian evangelists distributed a Tamil supplication book in old Tamil content named Thambiran Vanakkam, along these lines making Tamil the primary Indian language to be printed and published.[26] The Tamil Lexicon, distributed by the University of Madras, was probably the soonest word reference distributed in the Indian languages.[27] According to a 2001 review, there were 1,863 papers distributed in Tamil, of which 353 were dailies.

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